General Mental Health – Sanity is all we need
Mental health refers to a psychological state of well-being with a satisfactory emotional and behavioral potential and adjustment. It is the absence of any mental illness where an individual is able to enjoy life while maintaining a balance between his activities to achieve psychological resilience.
Mental health problems are a common occurrence and can happen to anyone, any time. It seems very upsetting and frightening at first as it affects the way you feel, think or behave. It usually begins when the patient feels a sense of ‘losing the mind’ or becoming ‘mad’. But if diagnosed in time and with a combination of treatments, family support and self care the patient can certainly feel better over a period of time.
Types of Mental Health Problems
- Depression is when the patient feels low, exhausted, worthless, hopeless and guilty. All this coupled with low self esteem, lack of sleep and appetite will interfere in their ability of leading a normal life.
- Anxiety refers to strong feelings of worry, fear and general uneasiness.
- Schizophrenia refers to disorganized thinking and psychotic symptoms like delusions and hallucinations.
- Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a type of mental disorder where the patient is obsessed with certain ideas and thoughts. Along with this the patient is prone to compulsions or repetitive activities to relieve the anxiety caused by obsessive thoughts.
- Phobias are some form of extreme fear or anxiety prompted by some specific object or situation.
- Bipolar Disorder has a direct relation to your mood. It could be manic disorder i.e. feeling high or a depressive disorder i.e. feeling low with some psychotic symptoms.
- Eating Disorders like anorexia, bulimia and binge eating
- Personality Disorders is when you start facing problems with your own attitude, behavior and beliefs
Treatment of General Mental Health Problems
Once the mental health problem has been diagnosed and the cause ascertained a line of treatment is suggested like medication and talking treatments. Medication includes prescribing antidepressants, tranquilizers, mood stabilizers and antipsychotics. These certainly help to relieve the symptoms allowing you to cope up with your family life and at work. Talking therapy includes counseling, psychotherapy or psychological therapy where a trained professional helps you to deal with precise problems or coping with disturbing experiences. Cognitive Behavioral therapy can be suggested as a short term treatment to focus your thoughts and attitudes.
Besides these art therapies and alternative therapies like hypnotherapy, acupuncture and massage can also help in managing common symptoms of mental health.